parenchymatous injury and hollow injury

Craniocerebral Gunshot Injuries; A Review of the Current LiteratureEvery cycle of temporary expansion and collapse creates significant surrounding brain tissue injury, which result in shear-like injury of the neurons or can result in formation of epidural hematomas, subdural hematomas,

Blast Injuries - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf1 May 2017 ... Whether through an accident or intentional act, explosions are an occurrence that can cause serious injury and death. Explosions have the ability to inflict injuries on many people at the same time resulting in high levels of mortality and morbidity. The type and severity of the impact depends on many factors including, when and where the event took place, the number of people in the area, material in the area of the explosion, and the type of explosion (nuclear, ...

Conservative management of abdominal injuries - NCBI - NIH1 Dec 2013 ... Objective: Non-operative management of abdominal injuries has recently become more common. Especially non-operative treatment of blunt abdominal trauma is gaining wide acceptance. In this study, the efficacy of non-operative treatment in abdominal trauma (blunt penetrating) is discussed. Material and Methods: All patients who received treatment due to abdominal trauma from November 2008 to January 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. The demographic ...

Complications associated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy7 Dec 2012 ... The increasing global prevalence of nephrolithiasis continues to burden the healthcare delivery systems of industrialized nations and exact a disproportionate humanitarian on populations of the developing world (1). In the United States alone, the prevalence of nephrolithiasis is nearly twice the rate reported in the 1960s (2-5). The subsequent rise in surgical interventions for nephrolithiasis has resulted in the development of new minimally invasive technologies ...

Solid organ injuries following abdominal trauma - SlideShare14 May 2014 ... Blunt injuries causes solid organ trauma (spleen, liver and kidneys) more often than hollow viscera. Multi organ injury and multiple system injury are also more common in blunt injury than in other types. Spleen is most common intra abdominal organ to be injured followed by liver. 3. ORGAN INJURIES SOLID ORGANS- Solid organs most commonly injured in blunt traumas In decreasing incidence of injury Spleen, liver, kidneys, intraperitoneal small bowel, bladder ...

The Management of Abdominal Injuries - ScienceDirect.cominjuries to the abdomen are penetrating wounds-a situation quite contrary to civilian experience, in which the mechanisms involving rapid acceleration and great momentum predominate (Table 1). As a consequence, patterns of visceral injury in the two groups are quite different with injuries to hollow viscera more frequent in military casualties while solid, parenchymatous organs are more often wounded in civilian practice (Table 2). Concomitant injury to multiple abdominal organs or ...

Penetrating abdomino-thoracic injury with an iron rod - NCBI - NIH[2,3] Progressive dyspnoea can be the most important symptom in patients with penetrating chest injury. Such patients can be managed with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator insertion to relieve haemopneumothorax.[3]. The immediate management of thoracic trauma should follow standard advanced trauma life support guidelines.[5]. Trauma with impalement can be categorised as those with: (A) Cardiovascular injury, (B) injury of hollow organs, (C) injury of parenchymatous ...

Classification of liver and pancreatic trauma - NCBI - NIHThe widely accepted Organ injury Scale is based on anatomical criteria that quantify the disruption of the liver parenchyma and defines six groups which may influence management strategies and relate to outcome. The less common pancreatic injury remains a major source of morbidity and mortality due to the likelihood of associated solid or hollow-organ injuries. The implication of a delay in diagnosis and management emphasizes the need for an accurate classification system.

Abdominal trauma after terrorist bombing attacks exhibits a unique ...Parenchymal injury was found in one third of patients in blast and GSW groups versus 60.9% of patients in blunt group (P = 0.001). Penetrating shrapnel was the cause of bowel injury in all but 1 patient in the blast group (94.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Terrorist attacks generate more severe injuries to more body regions than other types of trauma. Abdominal injury inflicted by terrorist bombings causes a unique pattern of wounds, mainly injury to hollow organs. Shrapnel is the leading ...

Injury Scoring Scales - The American Association for the Surgery of ...Table 2: Chest Wall injury Table 3: Heart injury Table 4: Lung injury Table 5: Thoracic Vascular injury Table 6: Diaphragm injury Table 7: Spleen injury Table 8: Liver injury Table 9: Extrahepatic Billiary Tree injury Table 10: Pancreas injury Table 11: .... Spleen injury scale (1994 revision). Grade*, injury type, Description of injury, ICD-9, AIS-90. I, Hematoma, Subcapsular, <10% surface area, 865-01, 2. 865.11. Laceration, Capsular tear, <1cm, 865.02, 2. parenchymal depth, 865.12, 2.

Management of liver trauma in adults - NCBI - NIHDirect suture ligation of bleeding parenchymal vessels, total vascular isolation with repair of venous injuries, and the advent of damage control surgery have all improved outcomes in the hemodynamically unstable patient population. ... [1,2] The anterior location in the abdominal cavity and fragile parenchyma with easily disrupted Glisson's capsule make this organ vulnerable to injury. ... Retroperitonial injuries and hollow viscus injuries can also be missed by ultrasound evaluation.

Splenic Injury - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf26 Jun 2017 ... Injuries to the spleen are one of the most common injuries in abdominal trauma. Unrecognized injury can be a cause of ... Pathophysiology. The spleen is a highly vascularized organ, and an injury to this organ can result in significant blood loss either from the parenchyma or the arteries and veins that supply the spleen. The spleen is an ... Beware that there is a possibility of concomitant hollow viscus injury in patients with solid organ injury. Spleen Organ injury Scale.

Pathophysiology of Blast Injury and Overview of Experimental Data ...This chapter reviews what is known about the mechanisms of blast injury. It begins with an explanation of blast physics. Next is a discussion of how blast waves interact with the body directly and indirectly and how exposure to blast can affect multiple systems in the body and can cause systemic effects on the autonomic nervous, vascular, and immune systems. That discussion is followed by a description of models used to study blast-injury mechanisms and the challenges involved in&nbsp;...

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